When it comes to choosing a database management system (DBMS), there are several factors that businesses need to consider, such as cost, implementation complexity, and technical capabilities. Two popular DBMSs in the market are Oracle and PostgreSQL. In this blog, we will compare the cost advantages, implementation advantages, and technical advantages of Oracle and PostgreSQL to help businesses make informed decisions.
Comparing Cost of Implementation
It is widely known that Oracle is one of the most expensive DBMSs in the market. According to a recent report, the average cost of an Oracle database license and support is approximately $47,500 per CPU. This means that a business running Oracle on a 4-CPU server would pay around $190,000 for the database license and support alone.
In contrast, PostgreSQL is an open-source DBMS, which means it is free to use, download, and distribute. While businesses may need to pay for additional services such as technical support or consulting, the licensing fees for PostgreSQL are significantly lower than Oracle. For example, EDB, a leading provider of PostgreSQL solutions, offers a subscription-based model that provides businesses with access to enterprise-level support, security updates, and additional features and functionalities for as low as $2,000 per year.
Furthermore, businesses can save a significant amount of money on hardware costs by choosing PostgreSQL. Oracle is known to require a significant investment in hardware, storage, and maintenance costs, making it a costly option for businesses. In contrast, PostgreSQL can run on commodity hardware, reducing the cost of hardware and maintenance.
Comparing Ease of Implementation
The implementation process of a DBMS can vary depending on the size and complexity of the organization’s data infrastructure, the level of customization required, and the expertise of the IT team. However, it is widely known that Oracle is a complex system to implement and maintain, requiring specialized skills and expertise. According to a report by Gartner, the average implementation time for Oracle can range from six months to two years, depending on the size and complexity of the organization’s data infrastructure.
In contrast, PostgreSQL is relatively easy to implement and maintain, with a shorter implementation process and minimal downtime. The PostgreSQL installation process is straightforward and can be completed in a matter of hours, with the help of the community documentation or support services provided by vendors such as EDB.
One of the reasons PostgreSQL is easier to implement than Oracle is its simpler architecture. PostgreSQL is designed to be modular, with separate modules for different functionalities, such as replication, backup, and high availability. This modular architecture allows businesses to choose the modules that are most relevant to their use case, reducing the complexity of the system and making it easier to implement.
Furthermore, PostgreSQL offers a simple and intuitive interface, making it accessible to users with varying levels of expertise. Graphical user interface (GUI) tools such as pgAdmin, allow users to manage the database, tables, and queries without the need for specialized skills.
One of the major implementation advantages of PostgreSQL is the availability of third-party tools and plugins that can simplify the implementation process. EDB provides a range of tools and plugins that can help businesses implement and manage their PostgreSQL databases with ease.
For example, EDB offers a tool called EDB Postgres Migration Portal, which provides a streamlined process for migrating data from Oracle to PostgreSQL. This tool reduces the complexity of the migration process, allowing businesses to migrate their data quickly and efficiently.
EDB has an integrated suite called EDB Postgres Platform, which includes various tools for backup and recovery, high availability, and monitoring. These tools along with EDB’s enterprise-level support services are designed to work seamlessly with PostgreSQL, making it easier for businesses to implement and manage their PostgreSQL databases.
When it comes to technical capabilities, both Oracle and PostgreSQL offer a range of features and functionalities. However, PostgreSQL has several advantages over Oracle, as outlined below.
- Scalability: Both PostgreSQL and Oracle offer excellent scalability, with the ability to handle large volumes of data with ease. However, PostgreSQL has a slight advantage in terms of scalability, as it can handle up to 100,000 transactions per second (TPS) on a single server, according to a benchmark conducted by EDB. This makes PostgreSQL a highly scalable solution for businesses of all sizes.
- Performance: PostgreSQL offers excellent performance, with low latency and high throughput. According to a benchmark conducted by the Transaction Processing Council (TPC), PostgreSQL outperformed Oracle in several categories, including price performance, power efficiency, and performance per dollar. Additionally, EDB’s benchmark showed that PostgreSQL can perform up to 6x faster than Oracle on select workloads. While Oracle also offers high performance, its high hardware and maintenance costs can be a barrier to performance for many businesses.
- Security: PostgreSQL is a highly secure DBMS, with robust security features such as row-level security, encryption, and access controls. In contrast, Oracle has a reputation for being vulnerable to security threats, with several high-profile security breaches in recent years. PostgreSQL’s open-source community-driven approach to security ensures that the system is constantly updated and improved, making it a more secure option for businesses.
- Customization: PostgreSQL is highly customizable, with a range of third-party plugins and tools available to extend its functionality. EDB provides several tools and plugins that can enhance the functionality of PostgreSQL, such as EDB Postgres Backup and Recovery Tool and EDB Postgres Failover Manager. In contrast, Oracle has limited customization options and is known for being a closed system. This can make it difficult for businesses to customize Oracle to their specific needs.
- Community support: PostgreSQL has a thriving open-source community, with thousands of developers contributing to its development and improvement. This community-driven approach ensures that PostgreSQL is constantly evolving and improving, with regular updates and new features added. EDB is an active contributor to the PostgreSQL community, with a team of expert developers working on improving PostgreSQL’s functionality and performance. In contrast, Oracle’s closed system limits community-driven development and can result in slower updates and limited innovation.
When it comes to choosing a DBMS, businesses need to consider several factors, such as cost, implementation complexity, and technical capabilities. While Oracle is a popular DBMS, it comes with significant licensing fees and implementation complexity, making it a costly option for businesses. On the other hand, PostgreSQL shines with an open-source DBMS that offers several cost advantages, easy implementation, and advanced technical capabilities, making it the clear winner in this duel.
About EDB and Taashee
EDB is a leading provider of open source-based data management software and services. With a rich history in the open-source community, EDB has been at the forefront of advocating for the adoption of open-source databases in the enterprise. EDB offers a comprehensive portfolio of open source-based solutions, including EDB Postgres, a powerful and reliable open-source relational database management system, and EDB Ark, a fully integrated database-as-a-service platform. EDB’s solutions are trusted by organizations worldwide, spanning industries such as finance, healthcare, government, and more. With a strong commitment to innovation, customer success, and community collaboration, EDB is driving the adoption of open-source databases and empowering businesses to harness the full potential of their data.
Taashee Linux Services (ISO 9001:2015 and CMMI-3 Accredited) is a leading enterprise open-source technology company and an EDB partner, with a global footprint specializing in Technology Integration, Application Transformation, and more. With a strong urge to serve organizations with custom technology implementations in their DNA, Taashee is known to leverage open-source frameworks offering solutions woven intricately around path-breaking concepts.